How to fix the 5 most common wall repairs.

Small Drywall Holes


Drywall holes result from both intentional actions like hanging a picture and unintentional things like dinging the drywall while moving furniture. Fixing small holes is a sinch. All you need is some light weight spackle and a small flexible putty knife.



  1. Before you apply the spackle, indent the hole with the back of your putty knife creating a small recessed indentation. This will make it so your repair work is flush with the rest of the wall.

  2. Then apply a small amount of spackle to the hole with your knife. When you apply the spackle, use your knife to scrape away excess leaving the surface smooth so there is little to no sanding required.

  3. It's better to have to recoat a second time to account for shrinking than it is to gum up the wall and spend unnecessary amounts of time sanding it down smooth. As long as it dries smooth you're good to go. But if you feel a little roughness, hit the spot with a sanding block.

Large Drywall Holes


Larger drywall holes happen as a result of bigger accidents. They can also arise when a handyman needs to get behind the wall to fix something like electrical work or plumbing. For this step you'll need a drywall patch, scrap wood, a utility blade, fiber mesh tape, a broad putty knife and trough, as well as drywall screws.


  1. The best drywall patch to use is a scrap piece of drywall cut in the shape of a rectangle slightly larger than the existing hole.

  2. Trace the patch on the wall with a pencil and cut out the damaged piece of drywall so that the patch will fit perfectly in place.

  3. Install the scrap piece of wood behind the drywall with a screw so that you have something for the drywall patch to attach to.

  4. Screw in the drywall patch into the wood.

  5. Place strips of fiber mesh tape over the seams of the patch.

  6. Apply 2-3 coats of joint compound over the top of the repair sanding between coats.

Nail Pops


Nail pops are pesky little things. They result from the house shifting or settling. Every now and then the nails will loosen and start to pop out of the drywall. At first the blemish is subtle but over time they can get worse, exposing the bare nail.



  1. Scrape out the drywall covering the nail with a five in one tool or a scraper.

  2. Approximately two inches below the nail, drive a drywall screw into the stud.

  3. Hammer the nail back in and coat it with joint compound. Recoat as necessary.

Door Frame Stress Cracks


Stress cracks are typically found at a diagonal stretching from the corner of a door frame toward the ceiling for about 1 or 2 feet. They result from the house settling and are a common problem to solve. You'll need some fiber mesh tape, joint compound and drywall screws.



  1. Scrape the crack out with the corner of a five and one tool, widening the gap just a little.

  2. Locate a stud, if there is one and drive a screw above the crack and below the crack. This step is really optional but it helps.

  3. Cover the crack with a piece of fiber mesh tape.

  4. Apply 2-3 coats of joint compound over the mesh tape, sanding between coats.

Loose Drywall Tape


Loose Drywall Tape is another consequence of a shifting and settling house. These faults usually manifest themselves in corners of walls and along ceiling lines. Sometimes they look like a wrinkle or a gap. In order to repair this type of wall damage you'll need fiber mesh tape, a utility blade, a putty knife and joint compound. If the tape is peeling from the ceiling you'll need a texture brush to match the texture of the ceiling.



  1. Scrape out the loose tape and remove it completely until you reach a place where the tape is firmly attached. It may be helpful to cut a straight line with your blade for a clean break.

  2. Place the fiber mesh tape in the place where the old tape was removed.

  3. Spread 2-3 coats of joint compound over the mesh tape sanding in between coats.

Finishing Up



Now that all of your wall damage is fixed, it's time to make those repairs disappear. When touching up it's important to do so out of the same can of paint you used on your walls. If you need to go out and buy a new can of paint, the odds are, the touch up won't match up. If that's the case, the best thing to do will be to paint the wall corner to corner. However, before you paint, you'll want to "spot prime" the area with the patch to avoid what's called "flashing". Flashing is where the sheen of the touch up looks different than the rest of the wall. Adding primer or even just a coat of the paint you're going to use will prevent flashing.

Sounds like a lot?

Don't be afraid to call Color Theory as you first choice of painters who fixed drywall damage in Bloomington and Indianapolis. Our craftsmen are all trained and practiced at a broad level of wall repairs and fixes. We'll have your walls smooth and we'll keep your house clean while we do it.